15,000 children today suffer from insulin-dependent diabetes. Behind this barbarous word lies a chronic illness that affects younger and younger children.
What is diabetes ?
- It is first necessary to distinguish type 1 diabetes, which affects children, type 2 diabetes, associated with overweight and rather specific to adults.
- The first is the inability of the pancreas to make insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating the level of sugar (blood sugar) in the blood. In his absence, blood sugar rises. The excess sugar causing most of the complications of diabetes goes abnormally to the kidneys and mixes with the urine.
Who is the population concerned?
- Until now, type 1 diabetes has been more common in children aged 8 to 14 years. For the past ten years, we have been seeing a rejuvenation of the affected subjects. Currently, 70% of patients are under 5 years old.
How does the disease appear?
- In a way that is often brutal. The little child suddenly has a urge to urinate during the day and the need to get up in the middle of the night. He has an intense thirst, is tired and loses weight while he continues to eat normally or more.
- These signs must immediately alert the parents and get them to consult as soon as possible. At this stage, a blood test will confirm the disease.
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